ABG Interpretation Made Easy

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ABG Interpretation Made Easy

Post  kgn_piosca on Fri Apr 30, 2010 8:27 am

ABG Interpretation Made Easy



Normal Values
pH Acid-base balance 7.35 to 7.45
CO2 carbon dioxide 35 to 45
HcO3 bicarbonate 22 to 26

Note also the following:
CO2 greater than 45 acidosis
CO2 less than 35 alkalosis
HCO3 greater than 26 alkalosis
HCO3 less than 22 acidosis

How to interpret ABGs:

1. memorize four basic questions and then answer them in order:

A. Is the ABG normal? If all of them are, then you have a normal ABG and you can stop here. If any one of the values is out of the normal range, then you must move on to the next question.

B. Is the pH Acidotic or Alkalotic[/color]?: To determine this you look only at the pH.
Alkalosis: If the pH is greater than 7.45.
Acidosis: If the pH is below 7.35
C. Is the cause respiratory or metabolic?:

Match the pH with HcO3 and CO2

Respiratory- pH and CO2
Metabolic- pH and HcO3,

Or, put more simply:

Metabolic Alkalosis: If the pH is alkatotic and the HcO3 alkalotic.
Respiratory Alkalosis: If the pH is alkalotic and the HcO3 is alkalotic
Metabolic Acidosis: If the pH is acidotic and the HcO3 acidotic.
Respiratory Acidisis: If the pH is acidotic and the CO2 is acidotic.

D. Is the cause compensated or uncompensated?

Uncompensated: if the pH is anywhere outside the normal ranges (greater than 7.35 or less than 7.45)
Compensated: pH is anywhere inside the normal ranges (Anything between 7.35 to 7.45)


here are some examples:


1. Ph 7.40, CO2 37, HcO3 23

What do you have here? All the number are within normal range, so you have a normal ABG.

That was easy enough. You need to go no further in analyzing this ABG.



2. ph 7.23, CO2 50, HcO3 24


What do you have here?

A. Is the ABG normal? You can see right away that all the values are out of the normal range, so you must move on to the next question.

B. Is the pH acidotic or alkalotic? Since the pH is less than 7.39 it is acidotic.

C. Is this metabolic or respiratory? Since the pH is acidotic and the CO2 also acidotic, then you have respiratory acidosis.

D. Is this compensated or uncompensated? Well, the pH is outside the normal range of 7.35 to 7.45, so it is uncompensated. You don't have to look at any other values. You are done.

The ABG is uncompensated respiratory acidosis



3.. pH 7.32, CO2 50, HcO3 29,

A. Is the ABG normal? You can see right away that both CO2 and HcO3 are out of the normal range, so you move on to the next question.

B. Is pH acidotic or alkalotic: The pH is less than 7.35, so it is acidotic

C. Is the cause respiratory or metabolic?: The pH is acidotic and the CO2 is also acidotic, so you have respiratory acidosis.

D. Is it compensated or uncompensated? Since the pH is not within normal limits, then it is uncompensated.

In this example you have uncompensated respiratory acidosis.



3. pH 7.50, CO2 42, HcO3 33

A. Is the ABG normal? No. Some of the values are outside the normal ranges.

B. Is the pH acidotic or alkalotic? The pH is greater than 7.45, so it is alkalotic.

C. Is the cause respiratory or metabolic?: You know the pH is alkalotic, so you look for the matching value. The HcO3 is alkalotic, so it matches the pH. So, what you have is a metabolic problem.

D. Is it compensated or uncompensated? Since the pH is outside the normal range of 7.35 to 7.45, it is uncompensated.

Thus, you have uncompensated metabolic alkalosis.[/size
]





[[size=18]color=red]4. pH 7.50, CO2 18, HcO3 24
[/color]

A. Is the ABG normal? No, pH and CO2 are both out of the normal range.

B. Is it acidosis or alkalosis? Since the pH is greater than 7.45 it is alkalosis

C. Is this respiratory or metabolic? Since the pH is alkalotic and the CO2 is also alkalotic, you have a respiratory problem

D. Is this compensated or uncompensated: It is uncompensated because the pH is outside the normal range of 7.35 to 7.45.

What you have here is uncompensated respiratory alkalosis.


Last edited by kgn_piosca on Sun May 02, 2010 11:24 pm; edited 2 times in total (Reason for editing : ...)

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Re: ABG Interpretation Made Easy

Post  D_Golingay on Sun May 02, 2010 7:25 pm

ayosin m, mali mali ang pag type m...

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Re: ABG Interpretation Made Easy

Post  R_DOLINO on Mon May 03, 2010 8:21 pm

nice...
mhirap tlga 2 pg d mu pinag-aralan hehe... Razz



type b yn?..
prang copy paste kc hehe...
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